Project Management

Project management is the science of projects. The project manager plays a major role in it. According to the definition introduced by the PMBOK standard (see Methodologies), project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to achieve the objectives of project requirements. BVOP.org registers project management in the context of Business Value-Oriented Principles as an initiative to add business value to all management practices and tools.

Methodologies and standards

There are various organizations around the world that are introducing standardized project management methodologies. The oldest and most popular worldwide is the International Project Management Association (IPMA), founded in Europe in 1965 under the name INTERNET. Another reputable organization is the US-based Project Management Institute (PMI) with branches around the world. PMI periodically publishes a book on Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide).

Founded in 1969, the American Institute for Project Management (PMI) is a leading professional project management association with more than 135,000 members.

PMI is the only ISO 9001 certified company in the world.

The current PMI standards are: PMBOK GUIDE 2000, WBS Practical standard, PMCDF, OPM3. The following standards are under development: PMBOK Extensions, Practical Standard for Earned Value Management.

The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) framework standard includes several areas of project management knowledge. This standard is a guide rather than a methodology for its implementation.

National standards

  • NASA Project Management (USA)
  • BSI BS 6079 (United Kingdom)
  • APM Body of Knowledge (United Kingdom)
  • OSCEng (United Kingdom)
  • DIN 69901 (Germany)
  • V-Modell (Germany)
  • AFITEP (France)
  • Hermes method (Switzerland)
  • ANCSPM (Australia)
  • CAN / CSA-ISO 10006 - 98 (Canada)
  • P2M (Japan)
  • C-PMBOK (China)
  • South African NQF4 (South Africa)
  • CEPM (India)
  • PROMAT (South Korea)

Extended Geographic Application Standards

ISO 10006: 2003, Quality management systems - Guidelines for quality management in projects
A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide)
BVOPM (Business Value-Oriented Project Management)
PRINCE2 (PRojects IN a Controlled Environment)
ISEB Project Management Syllabus
Microsoft Solutions Framework (MSF)
Oracle Application Implementation Method {AIM}

Standards for assessing the competence of the project manager

  • ICB IPMA Competence Baseline (IPMA)
  • PMCDF (USA)
  • NCB UA (National Competence Baseline, Version 3.0) (Ukraine)
  • STC (Russia)

A very popular methodology in Europe is PRINCE2, created and maintained by the UK Government.

The pioneers of UML Rational include a methodology for managing software development projects in their Rational Unified Process.

One of the main tasks of a project manager is to manage the relationship between time, workload and value.

Tasks in Project Management

Initiation

A project starts with getting an order for it. The contents of the project and its scope are then described. [2]

Planning

A project management plan is developed during planning. The necessary efforts, time and cost, resource planning and risk analysis are evaluated. [2]

Executing

During the implementation of a project, a team is formed, project implementation is managed, quality control is worked and information is provided to stakeholders. [2]

Controlling

Control over a project monitors risks, assesses progress and reports on it and measures are taken to improve it. In the life of a project, the steps of "planning", "execution" and "control" can be repeated. [2]

Project Closing

At the end of a project, the experience gained is ensured and contracts are completed. [2]

Classification

There is no strict classification of the names of the elements in the composite structure of the work, but it can be said that from small to large, the individual components follow certain names. Depending on the specifics of the particular endeavor, there may be an arbitrary number of transitions between the different levels:

Assignment - considered to be the lowest level that is trivial enough to be entrusted to one or a few people for execution in a short time. Examples: Drawing sketches for interior design of a room, programming of one separate software component
Package - a group of several assignments, most often assigned to one of the main project team. Example: Performing research within a project
The project
Program - a group of projects. Often, not all constituent projects are clear from the start. There are also no recurring operations within programs. Examples: USSR Space Program, political platform
Strategy - Example: Lisbon strategy
Politics
Project management software
There are many software tools available to assist with project management. The most widely used worldwide is the Microsoft Project, although there are many other products that are much more functional but also more expensive. The consulting company Gartner Group annually publishes an analysis of the market for similar products called Magic Quadrant for IT Project and Portfolio Management Applications.

Products oriented towards project management services (in alphabetical order)

Agresso.
Augeo Software.
CA Clarity.
Epicor Software.
IRIS Software Group SharpOWL.
Lawson.
Maconomy.
Microsoft Project Professional.
Oracle E-Business Suite.
Primavera Systems Evolve.
QuickArrow.
SAP Professional Services Automation.

Groups of programs are focused on product service, asset management, internal process management

DotProject - OpenSource project management system.
Entexo iProject - A project management automation system for project management.
ProjectMate - Russian PSA system for automation of professional activity. There is an output to MS Project.
Invest Sign.
eGroupWare - Free project management software.
OpenProj - Free project management software, an alternative to Microsoft Project.
ProjectLibre - Free project management software, an alternative to Microsoft Project.
GanttProject - a small free program with a Gantt chart and resources.
Devprom - a lightweight and flexible project management system that supports the complete project development cycle.

Collaboration software on software projects (software development)

SVN.
CVS.
TFS (Team Foundation Server).
Visual SourceSafe.
Git.

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License